References

Most of the information herein can also be found in the Before You Decide Magazine. References for the Before You Decide Magazie can be found at beforeyoudecide.info.

REFERENCES 

1 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (2010, September 27). Stages of pregnancy | womenshealth.gov. Retrieved from http://www.womenshealth.gov/pregnancy/you-are-pregnant/stages-of-pregnancy.html

2 Mayo Clinic (2012, December 4). Fetal development: The first trimester. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/prenatal-care/art-20045302?footprints=mine

3.1 Endowment for Human Development (2006). Documentation Center for The Biology of Prenatal Development DVD: Chapter 9: 2 to 4 Weeks: Germ Layers and Organ Formation  Retrieved from http://www.ehd.org/resources_bpd_documentation_english.php#_ftnref33

3.2 Carlson BM. (2004). Human embryology & developmental biology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Mosby.

4 Endowment for Human Development (2006). Documentation Center for The Biology of Prenatal Development DVD: Chapter 20: 6 weeks: Motion and Sensation.  Retrieved from http://www.ehd.org/resources_bpd_documentation_english.php#_ftnref33

5 Endowment for Human Development (2006). Documentation Center for The Biology of Prenatal Development DVD: Chapter 34   “Breathing” Motion and Urination Retrieved from http://www.ehd.org/resources_bpd_documentation_english.php#_ftnref33

6 Chapter 6 Preconception and Prenatal Care : Part of the Continuum. (2012). In S. G. Gabbe (Ed.), Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies(6th ed.). Saunders.

7 U.S. Food & Drug Administration. (2016, March 30). Mifeprex (mifepristone) Information. Retrieved April 8, 2016, from http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/ucm111323.htm.

8.1 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). First Trimester Aspiration Abortion. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 135156).

8.2 Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. Planned Parenthood Federation of America Inc. (2014). In-Clinic Abortion Procedures : Planned Parenthood. Retrieved July 19, 2014, from http://www.plannedparenthood.org/healthinfo/abortion/inclinicabortionprocedures.

8.3 Planned Parenthood Federation of America Inc. (2014). In-Clinic Abortion Procedures : Planned Parenthood. Retrieved October 28, 2015, from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/abortion/inclinicabortionprocedures.

8.4 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Dilation and Evacuation. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 15774). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

8.5 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Dilation and Evacuation. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 15774). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

8.6 American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. (2013). Practice Bulletin: Second-Trimester Abortion (135).

8.7 Pasquini, L., et al. Intracardiac injection of potassium chloride as method for feticide: Experience from a single U.K. tertiary centre. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 2008;115(4):528–31.

9 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Surgical complications: Prevention and management. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 228-32). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

10 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Surgical complications: Prevention and management. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 228). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

11 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Surgical complications: Prevention and management. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 239-44). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

12 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2011). FAQs: Pelvic inflammatory disease (077).

13 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, Grimes, D. A. (2009). Surgical complications: Prevention and management. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 234-39). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

14 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Surgical complications: Prevention and management. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 244-45). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

15 Paul, M., Lichtenberg, E. S., Borgatta, L., Grimes, D. A., Stubblefield, P. G., & Creinin, M. D. (2009). Pain management. In Management of unintended and abnormal pregnancy: Comprehensive abortion care (pp. 95-97). Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

16 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2006). Practice Bulletin: Management of alloimmunization during pregnancy (075).

17 Guttmacher Institute. (2014, July). Fact sheet: Induced Abortion in the United States. Retrieved from https://www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/induced-abortion-united-states

18.1. Silent No More Awareness. (n.d.). Welcome to our Testimony Directory. Retrieved from http://silentnomoreawareness.org/testimonies/testimony.aspx?ID=3128

18.2. Roberts, J. (2003, June 20). ‘Roe’ Wants Abortion Case Reversed. AP. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/roe-wants-abortion-case-reversed/

19.1. Coleman, P.K. (2011). Abortion and mental health: Quantitative synthesis and analysis of research published 1995–2009. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 199, 180–86. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.077230.

19.2. Thorp, J.M., Hartmann, K.E., Shadigian, E. (2003). Long-term physical and psychological health consequences of induced abortion: Review of the evidence. Obstet Gynecol Surv.58(1):67–79.

19.3. Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, L. J., & Boden, J. M. (2008). Abortion and mental health disorders: evidence from a 30-year longitudinal study. British Journal of Psychiatry,193, 444-51. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.108.056499. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/193/6/444.full

20.1. Cougle J., Reardon, D.C, & Coleman, P. K. (2003). Depression associated with abortion and childbirth: A long-term analysis of the NLSY cohort. Medical Science Monitor, 9 (4), CR105-112.

20.2. Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, J., Ridder, E. M. (2006). Abortion in young women and subsequent mental health. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 16-24.

20.3. Pedersen W. (2008). Abortion and depression: A population-based longitudinal study of young women. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 36 (4):424-8.

20.4. Rees,D.I. & Sabia,J.J. (2007) The relationship between abortion and depression: New evidence from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Medical Science Monitor, 13 (10), 430-436.

20.5. Cougle, J., Reardon, D.C., Coleman, P. K. (2005). Generalized anxiety associated with unintended pregnancy: A cohort study of the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19 (10), 137-142.

20.6. Mota, N. P., Burnett, M., & Sareen, J. (2010). Associations Between Abortion, Mental Disorders, and Suicidal Behaviour in a Nationally Representative Sample. Can J Psychiatry55(4), 239-47.

21.1. Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, J., Ridder, E. M. (2006). Abortion in young women and subsequent mental health. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 16-24.

21.2. Coleman,P.K.(2006).Resolution of unwanted pregnancy during adolescence through abortion versus childbirth: Individual and family predictors and psychological consequences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 903-911.

21.3. Pedersen, W. (2007). Childbirth, abortion and subsequent substance use in young women: a population-based longitudinal study. Addiction, 102 (12), 1971-78.

21.4. Coleman, P.K. (2005) Induced abortion and increased risk of substance abuse: a review of the evidence. Current Women’s Health Reviews,1(21), 21-34.

21.5. Reardon, D. C., Coleman, P. K., & Cougle, J. (2004) Substance use associated with prior history of abortion and unintended birth: A national cross sectional cohort study. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 26, 369-383.

21.6. Coleman, P.K., Reardon, D.C., & Cougle, J. (2005b). Substance use among pregnant women in the context of previous reproductive loss and desire for current pregnancy. British Journal of Health Psychology, 10(2), 255-268.

21.7. Reardon, D.C., & Ney, P. (2000). Abortion and subsequent substance abuse. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 26, 61-75.

22.1. Curley, M., Johnston, C. (2013). The characteristics and severity of psychological distress after abortion among university students. The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, doi: 10.1007/s11414-013-9328-0.

22.2. Coleman, P.K., Coyle, C., Rue, V. (2010). Late-term elective abortion and susceptibility to posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Pregnancy,Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/130519

23.3. Coyle, C.T., Coleman, P.K. & Rue, V.M. (2010). Inadequate preabortion counseling and decision conflict as predictors of subsequent relationship difficulties and psychological stress in men and women. Traumatology, 16 (1), 16-30. DOI: 10.1177/1534765609347550.

23.4. Suliman S,  Ericksen T, Labuschgne T, de Wit R, Stein D, Seedat S. (2007). Comparison of pain, cortisol levels, and psychological distress in women undergoing surgical termination of pregnancy under local anaesthesia versus intravenous sedation. BMC Psychiatry,, 7:24 doi:10.1186/1471-244X-7-24.

23.5. Rue, V.M., et al. Induced abortion and traumatic stress: A preliminary comparison of American and Russian women. Med Sci Monit. 2004;10:5–16.

24.1. Mota, N. P., Burnett, M., & Sareen, J. (2010). Associations Between Abortion, Mental Disorders, and Suicidal Behaviour in a Nationally Representative Sample. Can J Psychiatry55(4), 239-47.

24.2. Fergusson, D. M., Horwood, J., Ridder, E. M. (2006). Abortion in young women and subsequent mental health. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 16-24.

24.3. Gissler, M., et al. (2005). Injury deaths, suicides and homicides associated with pregnancy, Finland 1987-2000. European Journal of Public Health, 15, 459-463.

24.4. Shadigian, E.M., et al.  (2005). Pregnancy-associated death: A qualitative systematic review of homicide and suicide. Obstet Gynecol Surv.60(3),183.

24.5. Reardon, D.C., Shuping, M.W., et al. (2004). Deaths associated with abortion compared to childbirth: A review of old and new data and the medical and legal implications. J Contemp Health Law Policy, 20(2), 279–327.

24.6. Reardon, D.C., Ney, P.G., Scheuren, F.J., Cougle, J.R., Coleman, P.K., & Strahan, T. (2002). Deaths associated with pregnancy outcome: a record linkage study of low income women. Southern Medical Journal.95(8), 834-841.

24.7. Gissler, M. et al. (1996). Suicides after pregnancy in Finland, 1987-94: Register linkage study. British Medical Journal, 313, 1431-4.

25.1. Broen, A.N., Moum, T., Bødtker, A.S., & Ekeberg, Ø. (2005). The course of mental health after miscarriage and induced abortion: a longitudinal, five-year follow-up study. BMC Medicine, 3,18. doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-3-18. Retrieved from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/3/18

25.2. Broen, A.N., Moum, T., Bodtker, A.S., & Ekeberg, Ø. (2004). Psychological impact on women of miscarriage versus induced abortion: A 2-year follow-up study. Psychosom. Med., 66, 265-271.

25.3. Cougle, J., Reardon, D.C., Coleman, P. K. (2005). Generalized anxiety associated with unintended pregnancy: A cohort study of the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19 (10), 137-142.

25.4. Coleman,P.K.(2006).Resolution of unwanted pregnancy during adolescence through abortion versus childbirth: Individual and family predictors and psychological consequences. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35, 903-911.

25.5. Reardon, D. C., Coleman, P. K., & Cougle, J. (2004) Substance use associated with prior history of abortion and unintended birth: A national cross sectional cohort study. American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 26, 369-383.

25.6. Coleman, P. K., Reardon, D. C., & Cougle, J. R. (2005). Substance use among pregnant women in the context of previous reproductive loss and desire for current pregnancy. British Journal of Health Psychology, 10 (2), 255-268.

26.1. National Cancer Institute. (2011, May 10). Reproductive History and Breast Cancer Risk – National Cancer Institute. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/reproductive-history

26.2. Troisi, R., et al. (2013). A linked-registry study of gestational factors and subsequent breast cancer risk in the mother. Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev, 22(5), 835–47.

26.3. Trichopoulos, D. (1983). Age at any birth and breast cancer risk. Int. J. Cancer, 31, 701–04.

26.4. Costarelli, V., & Yiannakouris, N. (2010). Breast cancer risk in women: the protective role of pregnancy. Nurs Stand24(18), 35-40.

27.1. Hsieh, C., Wuu, J., Lambe, M., Trichopoulos, D., Adami, H., & Ekbom, A. (1999). Delivery of premature newborns and maternal breast-cancer risk. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)00477-8.

27.2. Russo, J., et al.  (2000).Developmental, molecular and cellular basis of human breast cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr., 27:17–37.

28.1. Ibid.

28.2. Hsieh, C., Wuu, J., Lambe, M., Trichopoulos, D., Adami, H., & Ekbom, A. (1999). Delivery of premature newborns and maternal breast-cancer risk. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(99)00477-8.

29.1. Bhadoria A S, Kapil U, Sareen N, Singh P. (2013).Reproductive factors and breast cancer: A case-control study in tertiary care hospital of North India. Indian J Cancer, 50, 316-21. Retrieved from: http://www.indianjcancer.com/text.asp?2013/50/4/316/123606

29.2. Balasubramaniam S M, Rotti S B, Vivekanandam S. (2013).Risk factors of female breast carcinoma: A case control study at Puducherry. Indian J Cancer, 50:65-70.

29.3. Huang, Y., Zhang, X., Song, F., Dai, H., Wang, J., Gao, Y. (2014). A meta-analysis of the association between induced abortion and breast cancer risk among Chinese females. Cancer Causes & Control, 25(2), 227–36. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10552-013-0325-7

29.4. Brind, J. ( 2005). Induced abortion as an independent risk factor for breast cancer: A critical review of recent studies based on prospective data. J Am Phys Surg. Winter;10(4).

29.5. Carroll, P. (2007). The breast cancer epidemic: Modeling and forecasts based on abortion and other risk factors. J Am Phys Surg.;12(3).

29.6. Takalkar, U., Asegaonkar, S.Kodlikeri, P.,Kulkarni, U.,Borundiya,V., and Advani S.(2014), Hormone Related Risk Factors and Breast Cancer: Hospital Based Case Control Study from India, Research in Endocrinology, Vol. 2014 , Article ID 872124, DOI: 10.5171/2014.872124.

30. Kitchen, A. J., Trivedi, P., Ng, N. D., & Mokbel, K. (2005). Is there a link between breast cancer and abortion: a review of the literature. Int J Fertil Womens Med50(6), 267-71.

31. Coleman, P.K., Rue, V.M., Coyle, C.T. ( 2009). Induced abortion and intimate relationship quality in the Chicago Health and Social Life Survey.Public Health, 123(4):331–38.

32. Coleman, P.K., et al. (2009).Predictors and correlates of abortion in the Fragile Families and Well-Being Study: Paternal behavior, substance use, and partner violence. Int J Ment Health Addict.,7(3):405–22.

33.1. Oberg, M. (2014). Prevalence of intimate partner violence among women seeking termination of pregnancy compared to women seeking contraceptive counseling. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand93(1), 45-51.

33.2. Pallitto, C. C., & Garcia-Morena, C. (2013). Intimate partner violence, abortion, and unintended pregnancy: results from the WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence. Int J Gynaecol Obstet120(1), 3-9.

33.3. Chibber, K. S., & Biggs, M. A. (2014). The role of intimate partners in women’s reasons for seeking abortion. Womens Health Issues24(1), 131-8. doi:10.1016/j.whi.2013.10.007.

 

34.1. Fok WY, Siu SSN, Lau TK. (2006).Sexual dysfunction after a first trimester induced abortion in a Chinese population. Eur J Obstet Gynecol ,126:255-258.

34.2. Bianchi-Demicelli F, Perrin E, Ludicke F, Bianchi PG, Chatton D, Campana A.(2002) Termination of pregnancy and women’s sexuality. Gynecol Obstet Invest ,53:48-53.

34.3. Boesen H.C., Rorbye C., Norgaard M., Nilas L.(2004). Sexual behavior during the first eight weeks after legal termination of pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 83:1189-1192.

34.4. Bradshaw Z., Slade P.(2003). The effects of induced abortion on emotional experiences and relationships: A critical review of the literature. Clin Psychol Rev; 23:929-958.

35 National Adoption Center (n.d.). Types of Adoptions. Retrieved from http://www.adopt.org/types-adoptions

 

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